A few weeks ago (July 2nd), while I was shopping at a coop grocery store, of which I'm a member and which I've gone to for several years, shopping with my backpack as I often do (with no one remarking negatively on it), an undercover policeman, accusing me of shoplifting, and marched me down to a basement locker room in the coop. He and a store manager questioned me; I explained that I was not shoplifting, that I was unaware that shopping using my backpack was against store policy, and that from now on I would use a shopping basket.
After that, it appeared that I would be released. I tried to resume shopping, removing the contents of my backpack and putting them into a shopping basket in accordance with the recommendations of the officer and store manager. To my confusion, the plainclothes officer once again assailed me, accusing me of shoplifting, and put me in handcuffs, tightening them to the point where there was sufficient pressure to leave bruising on my right wrist (although neither of us knew this at the time, and I never complained about the pain, assuming that handcuffs were just innately uncomfortable). He put me back into the locker room, handcuffing me to a bar on the wall, and sent for police. When I asked for his badge number, he refused to tell me, claiming that I would get it later. Over all, I spent perhaps an hour handcuffed to the wall.
When the police finally arrived, I explained myself to them once again, although the man who appeared to be in charge was incredulous that I would shop with my backpack, putting my groceries in, go to the checkout counter, and pay for them. It was clear, though, that I had, regardless of my intentions, committed no crime, since I had not gone past the checkout counters or attempted to leave the premises. As such, after an incident card was filled out by once of the police, who copied information from my driver's license, I was told to leave the premises, and my groceries (which I hadn't yet checked out) were taken back by the store to be placed back in their places.
I realize that, without damages, I have no real legal recourse in this matter, but I nonetheless intended on writing a letter of complaint. I would like, however, to know who the police involved were. I contacted the Chicago police department's headquarters, who said that, without an arrest (just a detention), there would be no police report, but there might be an incident card which I could get at the local district office (I'm in the 21st district). I called the local district office, who also said that there was no report. I commented that there might be an incident card, and they replied that that could be, but it was not a matter of public record.
So the police, it seems, can detain you for an hour, handcuffing you to a wall, and never have any publicly accessible report about their activities? Is this true? Or is there some way I could get records and find out who the officers who detained me were?