37 excellent reasons to not eat chickens. - VeggieBoards
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#1 Old 08-21-2005, 03:23 AM
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Hazards Identification, Biological Hazards

Process/Product Type Name: Poultry Slaughter (Chilled Ready to Cook Whole Chicken)

List all Biological Hazards related to Ingredients, Incoming Material, Processing, Product Flow, etc.



Identified Biological Hazards

(Bacteria, Parasites, Viruses...)

\t

Incoming Materials \t

Live Chicken: Insufficient feed withdrawal, crop and digestive system full of food contents (eg. E. coli sp.) \t

Live Chicken: Presence of non-sporulating bacteria (Salmonella sp., E. coli sp., Campylobacter sp., Yersinia enterocolitica, Listeria monocytogenes) \t

Live Chicken: Presence of sporulating bacteria (Clostridium perfringens) \t

Water: Not meeting the drinking water criteria established by Health Canada \t

Process Steps: \t

#1 Reception of non compliant material - see above \t

#2 Dry Storage: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of packaging material during storage due to improper handling causing damaged containers & exposed product \t

#4 Water Distribution System: Pathogenic bacterial contamination due to back siphonage or dead ends \t

#7 Crate Washing: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of subsequent non-contaminated birds/flocks \t

#8 Bleeding Incision: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of the bleeding surfaces \t

#9,10 Scalding & Defeathering (Picking) and Carcass Shower:

- Spread of pathogens from carcass to carcass by contaminated scald water and picker fingers.

- Muscle contamination due to breakage of the skin barrier.

- Inadequate removal of external visible contamination and loosely attached bacteria \t

#11 Head Removal: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of necks due to build up of organic debris and heads on head puller \t

#12 Hock Cutter: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of cut surfaces due to faulty cleaning of equipment during operations \t

#13 Manual Transfer/Rehang and Pre selection: Pathogenic bacterial contamination from bird to bird contact and from cloacal leakage \t

#13 Preselection:

- Inadequate detection/removal of obviously condemnable carcasses by company employee(s).

- Ineffective monitoring of employee performance by plant supervisor \t

#13 Post Mortem Disposition: Failure by government veterinarian to ensure that carcasses requiring condemnation are condemned \t

#14 Precutter, Hock Cutter, Automatic Transfer: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of the cut surfaces due to faulty cleaning of equipment during operations \t

#14 Preselection: Inadequate detection/removal, of obviously condemnable carcasses by company employee(s). Ineffective monitoring of employee performance by plant supervisor \t

#14 Post Mortem Disposition: Failure by government veterinarian to ensure that carcasses requiring condemnation are condemned \t

#15 Carcass Shower: Inadequate removal of external visible contamination and loosely attached bacteria \t

#16 Oil Sac Cutter: Pathogenic bacterial contamination of cut surfaces and cross-contamination from bird to bird due to faulty cleaning of equipment during operations \t

#17 Vent Opening , Slitter and Eviscerator: Fecal contamination and spread of pathogens due to inadequate feed withdrawal \t

#17 Vent Opening, Slitter and Eviscerator: Fecal contamination and spread of pathogens due to improper equipment operation, faulty operational cleaning of automatic equipment or deficient sanitizing of back-up employee's hands or tools \t

#18 Detection of Defective Carcasses: Failure by company employee(s) to detect carcasses with deficiencies and handle as per prescribed procedures \t

#18 Detection of Defective Carcasses: Cross-contamination and spread of pathogens due to improper handling between rejected carcasses/portions & approved carcasses/portions and carcasses/portions passed for reprocessing \t

#18 Government Post Mortem Inspection and/or Oversight: Failure by government inspectors to effectively perform post mortem inspection and/or to effectively verify the detection and correct handling of defective carcasses by company employees \t

#18 Post Mortem Disposition: Failure by government veterinarian to ensure that carcasses requiring condemnation are condemned and to verify that other defective carcasses are handled correctly \t

#19 Reprocessing Line Carcass Shower: Failure to remove visible contamination and loosely attached pathogens from external surfaces \t

#20 Reprocessing/Cut-Up: Spread of contamination onto cut surfaces, failure to effectively remove contamination \t

#21 Chilling Salvaged Portions: Temperature abuse/bacterial growth due to inadequate temperature reduction \t

#22 Ice Machine & Storage: Listeria sp. contamination due to deficient sanitation \t

#23 Giblet Harvesting & Viscera Removal: Fecal and ingesta contamination of carcasses or giblets due to improper equipment operation or to faulty operational cleaning of automatic equipment or cleaning/sanitizing of employee's hands or tools \t

#24 Chilling Hearts, Livers & Gizzards: Temperature abuse/bacterial growth due to inadequate temperature reduction \t

#25 Cropping: Full crops causing spillage of crop contents \t

#25 Cropping: Spread of crop contamination due to improper operational cleaning of equipment \t

#26 Neck & Neck Skin Removal: Cross contamination with crop contents due to faulty cleaning of automatic equipment during operations or deficient cleaning/sanitizing of employee's hands or tools \t

#27 Neck Chilling: Temperature abuse/bacterial growth due to inadequate temperature reduction \t

#28 Internal Vacuum: Cross-contamination due to faulty cleaning of equipment during operations \t

#29 Inside/Outside Carcass Washer: Failure to remove visible contamination and loosely attached bacteria from external surfaces and internal cavity \t

#30 Prechill Trimming: Spread of contamination on cut surfaces, failure to remove affected portions (pathology and contamination). \t

#31 Carcass Chilling & Hanging: Spread of pathogens & bacterial growth due to inadequate temperature reduction \t

#32 Air Compressor: Pathogenic bacterial contamination due to inadequate cleaning of plastic air lines on counter current chillers or lack of air filter \t

#33 Grading, Sizing Bins: Cross-contamination by employees and equipment \t

#35 Packaging +/- Gas Flushing & Labelling:

- Cross-contamination by equipment or employees, growth of pathogens due to insufficient levels of CO2.

- Incorrect packing/slaughter date \t

#36 Cooler Storage: Growth of bacterial pathogens due to time/temperature abuse \t

#37 Distribution: Growth of bacterial pathogens due to time/temperature abuse



And those are just the biological hazards, and just the ones for one type of chicken processing. There are pages and pages more for beef, pork, sausages, various types of processing; physical hazards, chemical hazards...



Source: Canada Food Inspection Agency
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#2 Old 08-21-2005, 03:56 AM
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Heres one more....http://www.meetyourmeat.com/
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#3 Old 08-21-2005, 07:40 AM
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#4 Old 08-21-2005, 01:52 PM
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Yeee-uck. Good one, PortableKitten.



When people are considering veg*nism for health reasons, these are great things to be aware of.
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